The mound of Mitathal is located along the dried up course of the Yamuna, near Bhiwani in Haryana. The deposit yielded number of pits containing pottery of different fabric and decoration. Microliths and segmented faience beads are the important artifacts of this period. Subsequent excavations revealed that the mounds contain the remains of what was once the largest city of the Indus civilization. This public bath was attached to the Mohenjo-Daro fort where upper class people lived. A micaceous red ware, buff ware and a coarse grey ware are introduced; along with these occur several typical Harappan artifacts. Attached to the granary were two roomed tenements with a common courtyard. Finally, the third and perhaps the most significant feature of Dholavira is the evidence of a large water reservoir provided in the heart of the castle. Period II is further sub-divided into two sub-periods IIA and IIB. The avenues divide the Lower Town into many blocks. It is a small introduction about the great Indus Valley Civilization. The Harappans came there quick on the heels and used the same very wall, after a century or so, the Harappas added from inside a 5 meter wall with an elevated walk to the existing defence. Two cultural phases have been identified in the excavation. But unburnt sun-dried bricks were also used. The pottery is ill fired, coarse and painted mainly with geometric motifs in black or purple. It uncovered fortification structures constructed with mud and mud bricks. 25 Nov 2020. The distinctive types are carinated bowls, dish-on-stand and jars with high collared rims. Hulas is one of these and is situated in the district Saharanpur in western U.P. These were used for storing grain. Great Bath found at Mohenjodaro was kind of a modern swimming pool. The various features of the Harappan town planning is given below: Granaries: The granary was the largest structure in Mohenjo-daro, and in Harappa there were about six granaries or storehouses. Fortification built with stones is recorded. It seems they regarded highly to humped bulls as all houses had seal of it. The site called Padri is situated in district Bhavnagar. In this period there is a complete reconstruction of the citadel and the lower town is also added. A terracotta image depicting a plant erupting from a woman’s womb was also found. It was a rectangular structure with stairs to in. The city was the heart of the civilization. Fire pit, permanent domestic hearths and several living quarters are unearthed. It proposes that Ghaggar had the possibility of releasing huge amount of water into the Indus when most of the upper tributaries feeding Ghaggar were active. Period I, which is further sub-divided into sections A and B is characterised by an incised burnished grey ware, red slipped and black-and-red ware. These show features of a complete planning of all details before actual population moved in them. The evidence of a ploughed field located in the south-east of the settlement outside the town wall is another unique evidence of Kalibangan. These are both of varying nature as also extension. The date of pre-Harappan, i.e. The antiquities include typical Harappan ceramics, beads, bronze celts, chert blades and terra cotta objects. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Each of the two side walls of the sunken passage way supports a set of highly polished blocks at either end or an equally polished pillar base shaped like an hourglass in the center. Three different types of burials have been described. It consists of two almost equal but separately structured parts. The Town Planning System of Indus Valley Civilization (Harappan Civilization) was city based. It is described as showing three distinct culture phases beginning with late Harappans. long fish-hook with barbed point at one end and a loop on the other. p.13. Another interesting find is a sherd in which a canopied cart with spoked wheels is depicted. The various features of the town planning by the peoples were : Granaries : The granary was the largest structure, in Harappa there were about six granaries or storehouses. TOS4. The site lies on the left bank of the now dry Chautang (ancient Drishadvati) about 26 km. Either a tectonic movement in these unstable hills or a gradual climatic shift rendered Ghaggar dry and shifted the feeder tributaries to Chautang and finally to the Yamuna. The other part of the towns was lower in height than the former and common men lived in this area. This is another unique Harappan find nor recorded anywhere till date. The discovery of Harappa, and soon afterwards, Mohenjo-Daro, was the culmination of work beginning in 1861 with the founding of the Archeological survey of India in the British Raj. Indus people were more into worshiping nature. According to D. D. Kosambi, the drainage plans of the Indus cities definitely establish the separate identity or independent character of the Indus civilization. They had also acquired technical knowledge of copper working and stone dressing. Some might have had two storeys. The chutes from individual quarters are linked to this drain. Radio-carbon dated indicates this area being colonized from 2400 B.C. Houses were built on either side of the roads and streets. The streets, though not paved, are planned exactly at right angles to each other. The staircases of big buildings were solid; the roofs were flat and were made of wood. The Great Bath, Mohenjo-daro, Sindh province, southeastern Pakistan.
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